Pacific Resources for Education and Learning Drama Strategies

 

Through a series of accessible and enjoyable drama activities, students can work together to informally dramatize a cultural folktale, recreating the story with their own words and actions. These activities can be done with students at all levels: elementary, middle, and high school.

The objectives of these activities are:

  • To explore a cultural story through a series of drama activities
  • To introduce how a story can be "written" without paper and pencil
  • To inspire students to imagine and develop detailed stories
  • To enhance oral communication skills
  • To make participants feel comfortable creating and sharing presentations

Click here for more about the storytelling and story-building process.

 

The strategies below illustrate the steps to guide students through when creating and dramatizing a story. The strategies scaffold on one another as part of the play-building process. Each strategy is described in brief below and is accompanied by a detailed explanation on using the strategy with students. There are also sample movies you can download which show examples of how the drama strategies were used with a group of Kealakehe Elementary School English as a second language (ESL) students. The students, a mixed group of 3rd, 4th, and 5th graders, participated in 50-minute sessions over a 10-day period.

                           
Watch a short video in which ESL teacher, Amy Iverson,
describes the students' responses to the drama activities.
Sample projects are in QuickTime format. They will play automatically on Macs with Quicktime Player 5.0 and above. Windows PC users can download the free Quicktime Player.
 

Warm-Up Activities
Warm-Up Activities



Warm-up activities are used to prepare students for the day’s class or dramatic session. These activities focus student attention on the day’s content or dramatic strategy. 

Click here for detailed description of Warm-Up Activities.


Warm-Up: Freeze
Warm-Up: Freeze
File Size: 1.7M
Duration: 00:52


Warm-Up: Molding
File Size: 2.9M
Duration: 1'28


Warm-Up: Pantomime
Warm-Up:
Pantomime

File Size: 5M
Duration: 2'30


 



Warm-Up: Mirrors
File Size: 2.5M
Duration: 1'15



Warm-Up: Sculpting

File Size: 3.4M
Duration: 1'40


Storytelling
Storytelling

 



The instructor, the students, or a guest orally share a story originating from one of the students' own cultures.

Click here for detailed description of Storytelling.


Telling a Cultural Story
Telling a Cultural Story

File Size: 3.1M
Duration: 1'31




Auto-Image
Auto-Image




Auto-images are frozen statue-like images of ideas, objects, or creatures or they capture an action or reaction of a character. Auto-images are generally spontaneous creations by individuals.

Click here for detailed description of Auto-Image.


Auto-Image: Making a Frozen Picture
Auto-Image: Making a Frozen Picture
File Size: 3.2M
Duration: 1'35



Tableau
Tableau




Tableaux are group-created frozen pictures based on an idea, theme, or key moment in a story.

Click here for detailed description of Tableau.


Tableau: Frozen Pictures in Groups
Tableau: Frozen Pictures in Groups
File Size: 3.8M
Duration: 1'53


Tableau: Telling the Story with Frozen Pictures
Tableau: Telling the
Story with Frozen Pictures

File Size: 4.7M
Duration: 2'25


Narration
Narration

 



Narration consists of descriptive passages that accompany moving or frozen images. These passages are intended to accompany the images, not merely describe them, much like a picture book where the images and passages compliment each other.

Click here for detailed description of Narration.


Students create Narration
Students create Narration
File Size: 5.0M
Duration: 2'26



Play-Building
Play-Building

 



In play-building, student groups develop a scene focused on the interaction of the characters through dialogue and action. Participants create the scene without a script, instead building it through trial, error, and practice.

Click here for detailed description of Play-Building.


Students put action and dialogue together
Students put action and dialogue together
File Size: 3.3M
Duration: 1'38



Reflection and Evaluation
Reflection and Evaluation

 



Each time a group shares a developing scene, the whole class reflects on the choices made and how the sharing group might further develop their ideas.

Click here for detailed description of Reflection and Evaluation.


Sample of studentts reflecting on their activities
Sample of students reflecting on their activities.
File Size: 2.1M
Duration: 1'07


Amy Iverson, ESL teacher at Kealakehe School, discusses how the students respond to Drama activities
Amy Iverson, ESL teacher at Kealakehe School, discusses how the students respond to Drama activities.
File Size: 2.9M
Duration: 1'28


Download detailed descriptions of all seven strategies
          Honolulu Theatre for Youth (HTY)

The workshop depicted in these videos was conducted by Daniel A. Kelin, II, of the Honolulu Theatre for Youth (HTY). The HTY conducts many such projects throughout the state. For more information on these workshops or to schedule one in your classroom, please contact him at (808) 839-9885 ext. 12 or education@htyweb.org. Or visit the HTY [www.htyweb.org] website.


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